qalaqi mcxeta mtskheta city


728 Area
area, km2
53,944 Population

About Mtskheta

Best time to visit: All Season
Mtskheta is located in Mtskheta - Mtianeti region, only 10 kilometers away from Tbilisi.


Mtskheta was the old capital and political center of the Kingdom of Kartli (IV c. BC – VI c. AD). In the beginning of VI c. when the capital moved to Tbilisi, Mtskheta retained the function of the seat of Kartli Church and from XI century – the spiritual center of the whole Georgia. Until 1811 here was situated the seat of the Head of Georgian Church – the residence of the Georgian Partiarch. Mtskheta is rich with both archeological (Bronze and Stone Ages) and Antique and Christian era historical memorials. Among them it is worth mentioning Armazi – the residence and burial site of the Royals of Kartli from Parnavaziani dynasty (IV c. BC – V c. AD), cathedrals of Jvari (VI c.), Svetitskhoveli (XI c.), Samtavro (XI c.), monasteries of Shiomgvime and Zedazeni (VI c.), fortress of Bebri.

Jvari monastery 

In front of Mtskheta, on the mountain, stands Jvari monastery which became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The name of the cathedral is related to high wooden cross which was erected on this place by king Mirian. In the second half of VI century the sovereign of Kartly Guaram built a small church beside the cross. This small house of worship is called today Small Jvari Church. On the brink of VI-VII cc. the son of Guaram – sovereign Stepanoz I (586-605) built a big cathedral beside the small one which capped the wooden cross (the abutment of the cross has been preserved until today). After Bolnisi Sioni Jvari cathedral represents a new stage in the development of architectural art. 3 bas-relief images of individuals who masterminded and paid for construction of the church are placed on the eastern façade: in the middle, sovereign Stepanoz genuflecting before Christ; on the left – his brother Demetre with protector angel, on the right – heir apparent of Stepanoz, Adarnase (above him is depicted an angel with widely spread wings and a right hand stretched forward); in front of Adarnase is a child on the knees – his son. All three bas-reliefs have Asomtavruli inscriptions containing names and titles of builders.

Jvari cathedral launched a new stage of the Georgian religious architecture – dome church. In VII century the whole group of similar churches were founded which were close to Mtskheta Jvari in layout and general structure. They are Ateni Sioni, Old Shuamta, Martvili.

41.845445, 44.720512
Distance from the Capital
10 km (6.21 mi)
Recommended duration
1 day

Our guides are ready to help you on this trip

13891881_1062705333765157_135766 IMG_0005 IMG_4851
ჯვარი, ჯვრის მონასტერი, მცხეთა - Jvari Monastery, Mtskheta
Jvari monastery

Jvari Monastery- VI century church and monastery, located in the east of Mtskheta, at the mouth of t...

არმაზციხე (ბაგინეთი)

ისტორიაარმაზციხე (ბაგინეთი) ძველი მცხეთის შიდაციხე გახლავთ. არმაზციხის აშენებას ისტორიული წყაროები ქ...

Popular Nearby

Jvari Monastery- VI century church and monastery, located in the east of Mtskheta, at the mouth of the river Mtkvari and Aragvi, on the rocky mountain...

ისტორიაარმაზციხე (ბაგინეთი) ძველი მცხეთის შიდაციხე გახლავთ. არმაზციხის აშენებას ისტორიული წყაროები ქართლოსს - ქართველთა ნათესავთმთავარს მიაწერენ, იმავ...

Popular Nearby

Ask a Question

Do you have any question about this destination?
Feel free to ask anything, we are happy to help you.

Ask a Question
Write a review

Ask a Question

Review Mtskheta

Very Bad!



Very good!