სვანეთი, უშგული

Svaneti

36
Destinations
4,525 Area
area, km2
13,742 Population
Population

About Svaneti


Best time to visit: All Season

The region of Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti is located in the central and northwestern part of Georgia. The region includes two historical and Geographic provinces- Samegrelo and part of Svaneti- Zemo (upper) Svaneti. These two provinces, which are bordering each other, have completely different respect of landscape. The region’s resort potential is represented by climatic resorts- mountainous, sea climate, seaside resorts- sea water, sand, duration of the sunlight and hydro-mineral resources resorts (thermal and mineral springs). Natural conditions of the region is the Black Sea coastline, Hillocky and mountainous landscapes, high peaks, especially popular among tourists and local travelers, as well as the hikers. Glaciers embrace many places, where along with enjoying the full-scale holiday, it is possible to visit lots of sights created by nature or human beings.

Let’s start roaming around Svaneti. Ushguli is a marginal area of Upper Svaneti, with several hamlets united. It is 1,600-2,200 meters above the sea level. By this indicator, it is one of the highest human settlements in Europe. Ushguli is placed in a cave-like and well-protected gorge. In the relief of its environs, there are both- riverside groves and terraces, as well as steep slopes. On the slopes of the northern exposition fir-tree forests are dominant, in the southern- second hand and sub-Alpine meadows. Especially effective landscapes are the landscapes of mixed forests on the lower belt of which evergreen Colchis under-bush forest is well presented.

There are many peaks in Upper Svaneti, with perpetual snow in summer and winter. Among them three peaks are prominent: Skhara, Tetnuldi and Ushba. There are fragments of the XII century fortress, several churches, more than thirty ancient fortress abodes and cult construction in Ushguli. Also, it is under protection of UNESCO World Heritage list of memorial buildings and declared a museum “Under the Sky”, where visitors can see more than 30 traditional Svaneti Towers-survive on this territory. 

To the South from the hamlet a fortress of (XI-XII cc.), which is standing and overlooking all four villages of Ushguli. In the upper, Northern part of Ushguli is St. Mary (in the Svan language- “Lamaria”) Church.One of the most famous is the widespread defensive construction of Svaneti Tower, consisting 4-6 levels. The levels are connected with each other by a moving wooden staircase. On the last level of the tower is arranged on a weapons platform with gun emplacements. There is also so-called Love Tower in Svaneti. 

According to the legend, a daughter of a notable Svan noble had a groom, who prepared himself for going to war. A bride vowed, that she would not marry and wait for him to return safe and sound. Unfortunately, the groom died on the battlefield. The bride didn’t believe in his death. She was waiting for him, to while away the time, during the waiting period, a father of the bride built a tower at the beginning of a road for her. So she could watch the way all day long, waiting for his man. Here she spent the whole life waiting for her beau. So, this Tower is very popular among couples, who believe in immortal love, or at least, want to gain their love.

As for Mestia, is especially known for its' ski resort- Hatsvali. Mestia is administrative and tourist center in Zemo (upper) Svaneti, located in the elevating of 1,500 meters above the sea level. It is linked between picturesque slopes of the Svaneti segment of the Kavkasioni mountain region. Cold and snowy winter is habitual in Svaneti. It is hardly accessible place, so, throughout centuries Zemo Svaneti played a function of treasury safe-keeper of Georgia. At the time of wars, Mestia was an elaborate depository of church and public items brought here from different corners of the nation for safekeeping. This is the reason, why unique icons, ancient manuscripts and Mestia’s Museum of History and Ethnology have survived in Svaneti. If you visit Upper Svaneti in the first days of February, you will the rows of fire coming out simultaneously from every house merge in the heart of the village. This is called Lamproba festival, which is one of the ancient traditions and customs still held in Svaneti. 

The name comes from the Georgian word “Lampari”, which means Lantern. To this day, people make as many lanterns from birch tree, as there are men in the family. (sounds a little patriarchal). This night, the worshipers pray and ask St. George for fertile harvest, plentiful year, with the bounty and well-being of their families. It’s really worth seeing. 


What to see in Svaneti:


Nature


Culture and History

  • Lamaria church
  • Lagurka church
  • Iprara church
  • Nakipara St. George's church
  • Matskhvarishi Church
  • Ienashi church
  • Lashdghveri church
  • Pkhotreri church
  • Mulakhi church
  • Chvabiani church
  • Tsvirmi church
  • Tsvirmi St. George's church
  • Laghami church
  • Svipi St. George's church
  • Ughvali St. George's church


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Distance from the Capital
340 km (211.27 mi)
მესტია, სვანეთი - Mestia, Svaneti
Mestia

Mestia is the administrative and tourist center of Svaneti. It is located in the foundation among pe...

Hatsvali Ski Resort
Hatsvali Ski Resort

Hatsvali Ski Resort is located in Svaneti about 8 Km away from Mestia. The highest altitude above se...

Interesting routes in Svaneti
Municipalities

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The route is the shorter version of one of the most well-known trails in Svaneti "Mestia - Ushguli". It starts from Tetnuldi and ends in Ushguli. The ...

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Mestia is the administrative and tourist center of Svaneti. It is located in the foundation among peaks and mountains, on the shore of the rivers Mest...

Ushba waterfall (Shdugra) is the most affluent waterfall in whole Georgia. Located in Svaneti, near Mazera village. You can reach both, the botto...

Kolurdli lakes are located on the south slope of the caucuses mountains to the north from Mestia at 2750 MSL.  From the lakes wonderful views on Svane...

Where is Tetnuldi Ski Resort?Tetnuldi ski resort is located on the slopes of Svaneti Caucasus mountain range, in the municipality of Mestia, Zemo Svan...

Hatsvali Ski Resort is located in Svaneti about 8 Km away from Mestia. The highest altitude above sea level is 3248 meters, and the minimum elevation ...

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The route starts from the village Uravi. The path ascends the mountain and gets to the campsite. From the campsite the trail continues to the west, en...

The lake Memuli is located in the Chuberi  commune at 2750 MSL. The lake is located on the east side of the ridge separating Nenskra and Sakeni gorges...

One of the best route to introduce ourselves to beautiful nature and interesting places of Svaneti is the trail from Khalde to Ushguli. Svaneti is the...

Lentekhi - Daba, Lentekhi District Administrative Center. It is located on the southern slopes of the Svaneti Range, tributary of Tskhenistskali on th...

The lakes of Koruldi - located in Upper Svaneti, in Mestia, at 2850 m above sea level. The lakes surround the Caucasus glaciers and peaks. On the...

There is a little, the oldest village of Heshkili in Samegrelo- Zemo Svaneti, located at 6 kilometers away from the region of Mestia, at 1900 meters f...

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The lake Memuli is located in the Chuberi  commune at 2750 MSL. The lake is located on the east side of the ridge separating Nenskra and Sakeni g...

Memuli summer farms are located in Chuberi commune at 1270 MSL. The summer farms are located at the left bank of the river Nenskra....

The route begins at the entrance of the village Likheti, passes through the village and heads to the north toward camping area. The camping area is lo...

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